Friday, February 7, 2020
OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT (EXAM) - Essay Example Holding inventory can improve customer service while maintaining independence of the supply chain. The major disadvantage of holding inventory is that it is expensive. The average carrying cost of inventory across all manufacturing is 25-35% of its value. Higher carrying costs result in decreased profits for the firm. In other words, holding inventory is a non-value adding cost. Value of holding inventory is an opportunity cost for the firm where the money is stagnant and not invested. Above all, inventory deteriorates; it becomes obsolete, lost or stolen. Holding inventory increases the firm's risks. The EOQ model minimizes the sum of holding and ordering costs. The model assumes that there is only one product involved. The annual demand is assumed as even and constant throughout the year and the demand requirements are known. Lead time is assumed as fixed and non-varying where each order is received in a single delivery. EOQ further assumes no quantity discounts. c. The inventory control manager of a car factory issues orders for tyres which cost '48 each. He has estimated that stock holding costs about 25% per year while the administration costs about '150 for each order. Given that demand for tyres is reasonable steady throughout the year at 20,000 per month, estimate the EOQ for these tyres. Modelling approach to inventory has advantages in business such as being easy to understand and use, giving good guidelines for order size and easy to implement and automate. Models can find other values such as costs and cycle lengths, encourages stability and allows different circumstances/situations. Question 4 a. Discuss why the design of jobs is an important aspect of operations management. Job design describes the tasks, methods, responsibilities and environment used by individuals to do their work. It finds the best possible way of doing a job. The objectives of job design involves meeting the productivity, quality and other goals of the organisation as well as making the job safe, satisfying and rewarding for the individual. These objectives are extensions of the fundamental task of an operations manager who is responsible for all aspects of the organisation's products and the processes used to make them. Managing operations directly affects performance of an organisation; job design is one of the strategies that would improve performance. b. Chronologically, there has been a series of approaches to job design over the last 100 years. Select any two of the major approaches and discuss the important features of each approach, together with advantages and disadvantages. Job Rotation is an approach of job design where the job each person does is rotated in a certain period so that people do not get into a rut of doing the same specialised job all the time. The advantage of job rotation is that it can give people more varied work and a broader range of skills. The disadvantage of job rotation is that it only gives a temporary improvement as people soon feel they are being switched around a series of equally boring jobs. Job
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
To What Extent Was the Contribution of Martin Luther King Central to the Success of the Civil Rights Movement Essay Example for Free
To What Extent Was the Contribution of Martin Luther King Central to the Success of the Civil Rights Movement Essay The first major event of KingÃ¢â¬â¢s civil rights career was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On December 5, 1955, five days after Montgomery civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to obey the citys rules mandating segregation on buses, black residents launched a bus boycott and elected King as president of the newly-formed Montgomery Improvement Association. As the boycott continued during 1956, King gained national prominence as a result of his exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage. His house was bombed and he was convicted along with other boycott leaders on charges of conspiring to interfere with the bus companys operations. Despite these attempts to suppress the movement, Montgomery bus were desegregated in December, 1956, after the United States Supreme Court declared Alabamas segregation laws unconstitutional. There can be no doubt that Martin Luther King was essential in giving the movement mass appeal. He gave it the charismatic figurehead that it lacked until that stage and he helped move it out of the courtroom and the control of the NAACP onto the streets. His charisma helped push the Montgomery Bus boycott into the public eye and keep it there. In 1957, seeking to build upon the success of the Montgomery boycott movement, King and other southern black ministers founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Under the leadership of Martin Luther King from 1957-1968 the SCLC became a highly publicised and popular organisation in the fight for racial justice. It was a southern movement and was based on the black church. The SCLC therefore differed greatly form the NAACP, which was northern, secular and regarded as overly influenced by white members. Although increasingly portrayed as the pre-eminent black spokesperson, King did not mobilize mass protest activity during the first five years after the Montgomery boycott ended. While King moved cautiously, southern black college students took the initiative, launching a wave of sit-in protests during the winter and spring of 1960. King sympathized with the student movement and spoke at the founding meeting of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in April 1960, but he soon became the target of criticisms from SNCC activists determined to assert their independence. Even Kings decision in October, 1960, to join a student sit-in in Atlanta did not allay the tensions, although presidential candidate John F. Kennedys sympathetic telephone call to Kings wife, Coretta Scott King, helped attract crucial black support for Kennedys successful campaign. The 1961 Freedom Rides, which sought to integrate southern transportation facilities, demonstrated that neither King nor Kennedy could control the expanding protest movement spearheaded by students. The Freedom Rides achieved the goal it set out to accomplish. At the request of Attorney General, Robert Kennedy, all bus segregation was outlawed, much more forcefully than the previous Supreme Court ruling. King cannot accept full credit for this campaign, but he is due the credit where it is deserved. Although he did not initiate the Freedom Rides, nor take part immediately after they began, he did raise full awareness of the cause and successfully united all the civil rights leaders together. By this point in KingÃ¢â¬â¢s history it is clear that he had learned how to use the media to his advantage, an invaluable skill. Many of Kings critics however have stated that his involvement in the protest was very minimal, and his main aim of joining the movement was to promote the SCLC. Conflicts between King and younger militants were also evident when both SCLC and SNCC assisted the Albany (Georgia) Movements campaign of mass protests during December of 1961 and the summer of 1962. Shortly after the failed civil rights campaign in Albany, King began one his largest civil rights movements yet. After achieving very few of his objectives in Albany, King recognized the need to organize a successful protest campaign free of conflicts with SNCC. During the spring of 1963, he and his staff guided mass demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama, where local white police officials were known from their anti-black attitudes. Clashes between black demonstrators and police using police dogs and fire hoses generated newspaper headlines through the world. In June, President Kennedy reacted to the Birmingham protests and the obstinacy of segregationist Alabama Governor George Wallace by agreeing to submit broad civil rights legislation to Congress (which eventually passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964). Subsequent mass demonstrations in many communities culminated in a march on August 28, 1963, that attracted more than 250,000 protesters to Washington, D. C. Addressing the marchers from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, King delivered his famous I Have a Dream oration. During the year following the March, Kings renown grew as he became Time magazines Man of the Year and, in December 1964, the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Despite fame and accolades, however, King faced many challenges to his leadership. Malcolm Xs (1927-1965) message of self-defense and black nationalism expressed the discontent and anger of northern, urban blacks more effectively than did Kings moderation. During the 1965 Selma to Montgomery march, King and his lieutenants were able to keep intra-movement conflicts sufficiently under control to bring about passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, but while participating in a 1966 march through Mississippi, King encountered strong criticism from Black Power proponent Stokely Carmichael. Shortly afterward white counter-protesters in the Chicago area physically assaulted King in the Chicago area during an unsuccessful effort to transfer non-violent protest techniques to the urban North. Despite these leadership conflicts, King remained committed to the use of non-violent techniques. Early in 1968, he initiated a Poor Peoples campaign designed to confront economic problems that had not been addressed by early civil rights reforms. Kings effectiveness in achieving his objectives was limited not merely by divisions among blacks, however, but also by the increasing resistance he encountered from national political leaders. Also although King was seen as a leader among a majority of the black community it has been argued that he did not make the radical actions by himself. This point ties in with an argument put forward by Vivien Saunders; who states, Ã¢â¬Å"As in Montgomery, King was led rather than leadingÃ¢â¬ . The idea that King was not a definitive leader and could often take advice from outsiders poses the question of how effective King was as a leader. In addition to this it suggests that his effort towards the campaigns were in fact weak. After his death, King has remained a controversial symbol of the African-American civil rights struggle, revered by many for his martyrdom on behalf of non-violence and condemned by others for his militancy and insurgent views.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Jack London's To Build a Fire: Theme The significance of the words "dying and death" in Jack London's 1910 novel, "To Build a Fire" continuously expresses the man's dwindling warmth and bad luck in his journey along the Yukon trail to meet "the boys" at camp. London associates dying with the man's diminishing ability to stay warm in the frigid Alaskan climate. The main characters predicament slowly worsens one level at a time finally resulting in death. The narrator informs the reader that "the man" lacks personal experience traveling in the Yukon terrain. The old-timer warned the man about the harsh realities of the Klondike. The confident main character thinks of the old-timer at Sulphur Creek as "womanish." Along the trail, "the man" falls into a hidden spring and attempts to build a fire to dry his socks and warm himself. With his wet feet quickly growing numb, he realizes he has only one chance to successfully build a fire or face the harsh realities of the Yukon at one-hundred nine degrees below freezing. Falling snow from a tree blots out the fire and the character realizes "he had just heard his own sentence of death." Jack London introduces death to the reader in this scene. The man realizes "a second fire must be built without fail." The man's mind begins to run wild with thoughts of insecurity and death when the second fire fails. He recollects the story of a man who kills a steer to...
Sunday, January 12, 2020
World War II Timeline [pic] [pic] [pic] 1933 January 1. 30. 1933- Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany, bringing ideas of Nazi Party with him June 6. 14. 1933- Nazi party outlaws all other political parties, signaling the beginning of a totalitarian regime October 10. 1933- President Roosevelt recognizes the USSR and establishes diplomatic relations 10. 14. 1933- Germany leaves the League of Nations 1934 December 12. 29. 1934- Japan denounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930, identifying that Japan would no longer abide by the treaties which were intended to prevent an arms race and massive navies. 935 March 3. 16. 1935- Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by enforcing military conscription. This signifies that Germany was re-arming itself and preparing for war. August 8. 31. 1935- President FDR signs First Neutrality Act- prohibiting arms shipments to wartime belligerents October 10. 3. 1935- Italy, under the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini, invades Ethiopia. 1936 February 2. 29. 1936- President FDR passes Second Neutrality Act this act renewed the First Neutrality Act (1935), and also forbade the granting of loans to wartime belligerents March 3. 7. 1936- German troops occupy the Rhineland. Germany was forbidden to take ver more land, as per the Treaty of Versailles. July 7. 18. 1936- Civil War erupts in Spain November 11. 1. 1936- Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany come together, forming the Rome-Berlin Axis. This event holds significance because it was alliances which brought the world into WWI. 11. 25. 1936- Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. This pact was aimed directly against the Soviet Union and the International Communist Movement. 1937 July 7. 7. 1937- Japan invades Nanking, China, killing more than 250,000, most of whom were civilians. This attack essentially begins the Ã¢â¬Å"War in the PacificÃ¢â¬ September . 14. 1937- President FDR forbids US ships to carry arms to Chi na or Japan, again signaling American Neutrality. October 10. 5. 1937- President FDR gives a speech in which he urges the Ã¢â¬Ëcollective security and quarantining of aggressor nations'. This implies the fact that FDR would like the US to remain isolationist. December 12. 12. 1937- Japan sinks the gunboat, the U. S. S. Panay in the Yangtze River in China. Japan formally apologizes after the attack, and pays reparations to the US 1938 February 2. 20. 1938- Chancellor of Germany, Adolf Hitler, formally announces that Germany will support Japan.This further incites desire for war as now three nations (Japan, Germany and Italy) have once again entangled alliances, coupled with militarism and previous actions show a great potential for a second world war. March 3. 12. 1938- Germany launches Anschluss,(union) with Austria. 3. 13. 1938- Germany annexes Austria. May 5. 17. 1938- Naval Expansion Act is passed. This act allotted $1 billion for the US to build a Ã¢â¬Å"Two Ocean Navy,Ã¢â¬ or a navy which would have bases in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This act recognized the need for protection on both coasts of the country. September 9. 29. 938- Munich Pact- Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Pact, allowing Germany to invade the Czechoslovakian territories known as the Sudetenland. Britain chose to utilize a policy of appeasement in making the decision to sign the pact. 1939 January 1. 4. 1939- US/Germany/Italy Correspondence- FDR writes to Mussolini and Hitler, requesting that they not attack any country, on a specified list, for 10 years. Hitler writes back saying that FDR has Ã¢â¬Å"nothing to fear. Ã¢â¬ This statement by Hitler may be determined to be mocking FDR, as in his inaugural address, FDR stated, Ã¢â¬Å"we have nothing to fear, but fear itself. 1. 5. 1939- Senatorial Rejection- The Senate rejected a Presidential request for permission to offer economic assistance to Britain and/or France in case of war. This decision support s the isolationist way of thinking. March 3. 15. 1939- Hitler violates his own promise made in the Munich Pact (1938) and annexes all of Czechoslovakia. August 8. 23. 1939- Hitler (Germany) and Josef Stalin (USSR) sign a Nonaggression Pact which allowed Hitler to invade Poland, while allowing the Soviet Union to strengthen its western borders. September 9. 1. 1939- Hitler invades Poland. , as permitted by the Nonaggression Pact, 9. . 1939-England, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare war on Germany, thus beginning another world war. 9. 10. 1939- Canada declares war on Germany November 11. 3. 1939- Congress grants FDR's request to change neutrality laws as well as repeal an arms embargo so that munitions could be sold to Britain and France, and prevent American ships from sailing into war zones. 1940 March 3. 1940- Germany utilizes its Blitzkrieg warfare, pummeling France in less than one day. April 4. 1. 1940- Germany conquers many of the Ã¢â¬Å"lowÃ¢â¬ countries, including , Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg.May 5. 16. 1940- Increased Defense spending- FDR requests that more money be allocated for defense, public opinion supports the new defense program, signaling a shift in public feeling in regards to the conflict. June 6. 10. 1940- Mussolini and his Italian forces attack France from the South. 6. 22. 1940- France Surrenders to Germany and signs an armistice saying as such. Great Britain is now left to stand alone to the Axis powers. July Selective Training and Service Act-Congress enacts the first peacetime draft in history. This forebodes to upcoming US involvement in the war. 7. 10. 940- Battle of Britain-Germany bombs Britain, most notably the firebombing of London. 7. 26. 1940- US withholds gasoline from Japan. In an attempt to make Japan surrender, and weaker. September 9. 3. 1940- FDR agrees to give Britain 50 Destroyers in exchange for naval bases in Newfoundland, Bermuda, and sites in the Caribbean and the South Atlantic. 9. 25. 1940- Expansion of Japanese Embargo. The US now includes steel and iron to the Japanese Embargo, which already included gasoline (July 26,1940) 9. 27. 1940- Tripartite Agreement- Japan joins the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and now Japan) October 10. 1. 1940- Battle of Britain ends. German Luftwaffe bombing strategy fails to quash British morale. November 11. 20. 1940- Hungary and Romania sign the Tripartite Agreement. Becoming part of the Axis powers. (Germany, Italy, Japan, and now Hungary and Romania) December 12. 29. 1940- FDR Fireside Chat- FDR claims that the US must be an Ã¢â¬Å"Arsenal of Democracy. Ã¢â¬ Similar to the reasoning for WWI, which was Ã¢â¬Å"To make the world safe for DemocracyÃ¢â¬ 1941 March 3. 1. 1941- Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Agreement. Becoming part of the Axis powers. (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania and now Bulgaria) 3. 11. 941-Lend-Lease Act- authority to sell, transfer, or lease war goods to the government of any Allied country. E NDED AMERICAN NEUTRALITY 3. 30. 1941- US Seizure of Ships- US seizes 65 Axis ships which have sailed into American ports. April 4. 13. 1941- USSR and Japan sign a neutrality pact. May 5. 15. 1941- American Merchant ship- Robin Moor- sunk by German torpedo in south Atlantic Ocean. FDR declares a National State of Emergency. June 6. 22. 1941- Germany invades Soviet Union. Violated nonaggression pact. US Secretary of War, Henry Stimson, estimates that Germany will conquer the USSR in 3 months. . 24. 1941- US extends the Lend Lease Act to the Soviet Union. July 7. 7. 1941- FDR Announces that the US will protect Iceland for the duration of the war. Similar to Teddy Roosevelt's Ã¢â¬Å"Roosevelt CorollaryÃ¢â¬ to the Monroe Doctrine, which stated that the US would be the Ã¢â¬Å"international police force for Latin America. Ã¢â¬ August 8. 14. 1941- Great Britain and United States sign Atlantic Charter. Joint opposition to fascism, even though US is still nominally neutral. 8. 17. 1941- US warns Japan to stop being aggressive, or else. (face the wrath of the US forces, that is) December 2. 7. 1941- Ã¢â¬Å"A Day Which Will Live in InfamyÃ¢â¬ Pearl Harbor- Japan launches a surprise attack on the US navy at the base in Pearl Harbor. Resulting in the death of over 2,300 service men and 68 civilians. 12. 11. 1941- War Declarations Germany and Italy- Declare war on US United States- Declares war on Germany, Italy and Japan 1942 April 4. 9. 1942- Japan captures US and Filipino forces at Manila. Bataan Death March Begins. May 5. 7. 1942- Battle of the Coral Sea- US Navy repels Japanese forces, saves Australia June 6. 4. 1942- Battle of Midway- US again defeats Japanese.Coupled with the victory at the Battle of the Coral Sea (May 7, 1942) *****TURNING POINT FOR THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC***** 6. 18. 1942- Manhattan Project begins, design the atomic bomb. 1943 January 1. 1. 1943-Churchill and Roosevelt Plan- Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President FDR meet in Casablan ca, North Africa to plan attacks on all fronts, invade Sicily and Italy, send forces to the Pacific, and to better aid the Soviet Union. 1. 31. 1943- Battle of Stalingrad over 90,000 German troops surrender to the Soviets **TURNING POINT IN WAR AGAINST GERMANY** July 7. 25. 943- Mussolini's Fascist government in Italy is overthrown! New Italian Government begins peace talks September 9. 8. 1943- Italy officially surrenders to Allied powers December 12. 1. 1943- Cairo Declaration- Allies declare intention to establish an international organization meant to maintain world peace. 1944 June 6. 6. 1944- D-Day Invasion- Allied forces invade Normandy, France, to begin the reclaiming of Western Europe from Germany. July 7. 24. 1944- Normandy and Brittany- Allied troops force a German retreat by reclaiming large portions of Normandy and Brittany August 8. 25. 944- Paris liberated from Nazi control by US forces and the Free France Campaign. 1945 February 2. 11. 1945- Yalta Conference- the Ã¢â ¬Å"Big ThreeÃ¢â¬ (Churchill, FDR, and Stalin) met to discuss Soviet dominance in Eastern Europe Results: Dual administrations in Berlin, the break up of Germany, and the prosecution of war criminals. (Nuremberg Trials) April 4. 12. 1945- President FDR dies of a Cerebral Hemorrhage. 4. 28. 1945- Italian soldiers catch Mussolini attempting to sneak out of the country and murder him. May 5. 8. 1945- V-E Day Victory in Europe is declared August 8. 6. 1945- Atomic Bomb Little Boy is dropped over Hiroshima Japan 8. . 1945- Atomic Bomb Fat Man is dropped over Nagasaki, Japan Both of these bombings resulted in severe, grave destruction 8. 14. 1945- Japan Surrenders! 8. 15. 1945- V-J Day Victory in Japan is declared September 9. 2. 1945- Japan signs formal surrender agreement aboard the U. S. S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay. ****ENDS WWII**** Works Cited Ã¢â¬Å"1945. Ã¢â¬ World War II Timeline. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. . Ã¢â¬Å"APUSH SparkChart 1865-2004. Ã¢â¬ Www. Sparknotes. com. Sparknotes. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. . Ã¢â¬Å"The History Place Ã¢â¬â World War II in Europe Timeline. Ã¢â¬ The History Place. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. . Ã¢â¬Å"World War II Timeline. Ã¢â¬ Shmoop. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. .
Saturday, January 4, 2020
ABORTION Abortion, in my opinion, has been one of the largest debataable issues in American Society. There are so many aspects and views to examine before one can even begin to form their own opinion. In order to discuss an important issue such as abortion, we must first understand what it means. Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy before the fetus has developed and grown enough to live outside the mother. When abortion happens naturally before the 20th week it is called a spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage. If it happens naturally after the 20th week it is termed a late fetal death or a still birth. An abortion caused by a medical procedure is called an induced abortion. Most induced abortion are performed in the first trimester orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Do circumstances and convenience outweigh the sanctity of life? Can one support both womens rights and oppose abortions? These questions basically boil down to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s opinions, and beliefs. Everyone is entitled to have a difference of opinion. I respect the religious, ethical, and moral convictions on which their opions are based. However, I actually belive reality is much more complex than this simple either-or system. There is no single right or wrong because as with any situation there could be special circumstances. Woman have many reasons for seeking an abortion.Their are a few abortions cases that introduce special factors. For instance when the fetus has been found dead there is no reason to carry it full term. Another example would be when the embryo is diagnosed as having a severe disorder or genetic defect. In the case of multiple pregnancy, some if not all the the fetuses will end up with various long term health problems; some may not survive at all. The woman may elect to go through a selective reduction procedure, which involves the killing of one or more fetuses in order to give the remaining fetuses a better chance to be born healthy. In view of situations where the prenagancy resulted from rape or incest I dont fell a woman should have to bare a child conceived in violence unless itÃ¢â¬â¢s by her choice. Personally, I feel that the life of a mother should not be sacrificed or endangered forShow MoreRelatedAbortion : Abortion And Abortion998 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAbortion Abortion is defined in several ways all of which stop a pregnancy. There are different ways of abortion, which are spontaneous abortion, surgical abortion, and medical abortion. Abortion has been arguable topic for decades. One can neither believe abortion to be good nor bad. The idea of individuality and human life is not quite the same. Idea of human life has come from conception; simultaneously on the other hand, fertilizer eggs used for in vitro fertilization are also human lives butRead MoreAbortion : Abortion And Abortion Essay921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPaper: Abortion Laws The topic of abortion is a widely debated and very heated topic in Texas. The Republican partyÃ¢â¬â¢s platform supports family values and are completely against abortion under any circumstances, including abortifacients. The Democrat partyÃ¢â¬â¢s platform supports the rights for women to make choices about their own bodies. They support abortifacients and a personÃ¢â¬â¢s right to have an abortion. There is also a large percentage of those that are in the middle in that they believe abortion shouldRead MoreAbortion, The, And Abortion998 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the United States there are more than a billion abortions performed each year. Since the court case Roe vs Wade in 1973 more than 56 million babies have been murdered in the United States before they had the chance to take their first breath (Snyder, Michael). These statics along with many more show the huge injustice that is happening in the country I call home. Abortion is defined as the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy. It can include any of variousRead MoreAbortion : Abortion And Anti Abortion1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesa very large controversy between the ideas about abortion and anti-abortion. Different religious views, beliefs, peoples many different customs and even people of different cultures all have their own preferences and ideas on the take of this political issue. Views against abortion can lead to as much of an impact as a violent/non violent riots outside of an abortion clinics, to something as simple article in the newspaper. The belief on abortion that leads to a lot of the controversy is that inRead MoreAbortion, The, And Abortion Essay1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages An abortion is when the pregnancy of a women is ended; it is called sometimes Termination of pregnancy. There are two types of abortion. The first type is the spontaneous abortion; it occurs within the first two months. What causes it is frequently unknown yet is probably the results of intra-uterine contamination, or limited attachment in the building unborn child to the interior coating walls in the womb (uterus). Such conditions this unborn child, if the idea advances further, mayRead MoreAbortion, The, And Abortion953 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdebates that is constantly talked about is abortion. When it comes to abortion, the laws vary depending on the state you live in. Whether people support or are against abortion, few actually know about the abortion process. Have you ever heard of suction aspiration or prostaglandin chemical abortion? Those are two of the various methods that are performed in the different trimesters of pregnancy. According to writer Steven Ertelt of Li feNews.com, OklahomaÃ¢â¬â¢s abortion laws are restrictive compared to otherRead MoreAbortion : Abortion And Abortion1930 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAbortion has been around for quite some time. Laws have been set allowing it and banning it during different periods of time. The procedures that can be done are all very different. There is a medical abortion involving drugs and there are surgical abortion involving a more invasive procedure. There are also different points of view on it. There are those who fully support the termination of a pregnancy and those who are completely against it. There are many factors to consider and very differentRead MoreAbortion And Abortion2038 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMostly seen as a religious issue, abortions are anything but that. Biology and science are the only deciding factors when it comes down to it. Science is the only thing that can prove whether an unborn child is living; no religion can do that. Through modern science and technology, it has been proven and well documented that human life does in fact begin at conception. The scientific evidence also contradicted the court ruling in the Roe v. Wade case, where it was stated that the Court could notRead MoreAbortion : The Fight For Abortion1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough abortion was decriminalized in 1973, the fight for abortion rights did not end with Roe v. Wade. Just in the past three years, there have been systematic restrictions on abortion rights sweeping the country sate by state. In 2013, 22 states enacted 70 antiabortion measures, including pre-viability abortion bans, unnecessary doctor and clinic procedures, limits on medicated abortion, and bans on insurance coverage of abortion In 2011, 92 abortion restrictions were enacted, an in 2012, thatRead MoreAbortion : The Issue Of Abortion1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe topic of abortion has been an ongoing debate for many years. According to ProChoice.org, abortion was legal in in the days of the early settlers . At the time that the constitution was adopted abortions were legal. Abortions were openly advertised and performed before the first fetal movement (13-16 weeks from the start of a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s last period). The concern for abortion started in the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s when immigrants were coming into the country in large numbers and the fear was that they would produce
Friday, December 27, 2019
Stories have been a part and parcel of mankindÃ¢â¬â¢s collective consciousness and social culture since the dawn of manÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness. They have served as guidelines and a means of ingraining and maintaining values, norms, mores and in innumerable cases defined the precepts for acceptable behavior for men, women and children within a community. Many of them are based in pre-history (myth) and history while still others are based on and are a reflection of contemporary civilization and yet others are set in distinctly futuristic time lines. Some are passed on for generations, becoming interwoven into the cultural fabric of a civilization; for example The Ã¢â¬ËMahabharataÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËRamayanaÃ¢â¬â¢ epics of the sub-continent, define its cultural ethos as well asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After the 6th century A.D, they were replaced by codex. Come the mid-fifteenth century, the invention of the Gutenberg printing press by Johannes Gutenberg and subsequently the st eam powered rotary press in the nineteenth-century, ensured the immortality of stories in the form of books and paperbacks. The technological advancements of the twentieth century and the proliferation of publishing houses enabled the story to capture a personÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination like never before. Whereas, in the days of Yore, the story had to rely on word of mouth, stage and theater artists to reach a wider audience; now through the medium of books and paperbacks, it could reach a far greater and greatly dispersed humanity. As the spread and reach of stories increased, so did their mesmerizing influence on man. Books and paperbacks ensured the hitherto unknown writer, author, poet, sage, thinker and philosopher to emerge from the pit of anonymity and catapult him/her to the forefront of mass consciousness, commercial success and fame. The invention of the camera, the movie reel and projector, as well as further development in the art of dramatization and acting, facilitated the expansion of the storiesÃ¢â¬â¢ arc of influence, through actors and script writers as the principal medium. After all, what is an actor if not a story teller? The invention of movies has literally made the story comeShow MoreRelatedWhat Is an Essay?1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBuscemi Essay #3 Rough Draft An essay is a creative written piece in which the author uses different styles such as diction, tone, pathos, ethos or logos to communicate a message to the reader using either a personal experience, filled with morals and parables, or a informative text filled with educational terms. Educational terms could mean the usage of complicated and elevated words or simply information you would get in schools. Some authors, such as Cynthia Ozick, claim that an essay has noRead Morenarrative essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNarrative Essay A Brief Guide to Writing Narrative Essays Narrative writing tells a story. In essays the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author s values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. When you re writing a narrative essay, loosen up. After all, you re basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in casual conversationRead MoreApplication Essay : A Process Essay770 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesassign an essay. The entire class lets out a groan that could be heard from miles away, however this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t phase your professor. The essay is assigned: a process essay. Now what? What is a process essay? How do you go about writing one? How do you get the A you so desperately need? This paper will discuss everything one needs to know in order to write the perfect process essay such as the definition of a process essay, how to construct it, and how to use proper transitions to make the essay flow. Read MoreEssay763 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCanÃ¢â¬â¢t be Built on Soccer FeverÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Na Na Na Na, Hey Hey, GoodbyeÃ¢â¬ In Jonathan ZimmermanÃ¢â¬â¢s essay Ã¢â¬Å"African National Identities CanÃ¢â¬â¢t Be Built on Soccer FeverÃ¢â¬ he describes how soccer brings the people of Africa together. He talks about the unity of Africans and how much soccer is a part of their lives. He also describes the underlying reason of why soccer is so heavily pushed. The perspective in the essay Ã¢â¬Å"Na Na Na Na, Hey Hey, GoodbyeÃ¢â¬ Tim Bowling discusses his passion for hockey and his hate forRead MoreThe Colonel Essay1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the essay, The Colonel, Michael Hogan illustrates the importance of the influential sport of tennis. Hogan writes about how tennis changed his life from an early age. When he was younger he saw tennis as a rich mans sport in which he had no interest. One of his much-respected neighbors, the colonel, approached HoganÃ¢â¬â¢s father with the idea that his son might like to learn how to play tennis. After pondering the thought with his father, Hogan decided to take t he offer. The Colonel became his mentorRead MorePersuasive Essays : Persuasive Essay897 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbegan this class, I loved to write persuasive essays. I loved to write about my own opinions and I was quite good at convincing people to agree with my stand points. To convince others to agree on my point of view was an extraordinary feeling. I am very good at getting my point across and giving my reasons on why I feel the way I do about a certain situation. I loved writing persuasive essays because I love to read them as well. I love how persuasive essays have a call-to-action; giving the readers aRead MoreEnglish Composition One: To Be an Essay or Not to Be an Essay That Is the Question910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In the past, the mention to have to write a paper for an assignment caused me to break out in a sweat or my mouth instantly dries, well it does not have that kind of effect on me anymore. The key to successfully completing the essay on time is getting to researc h the topic at hand as soon as possible or before the process of writing begins. The next step for me would be to find the argument and take a side. Moreover, picking a thesis statement through brainstorming the information I gathered forRead More Flight Essay834 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Essay on quot;Flightquot; amp;#9;It is always hard to get separated from someone you love and with whom you have shared every moment of his life until he decides to walk on a different path than yours. You dont know how to react and confusion dominates your mind. Should you be angry at him for leaving you, or should you support and respect his decision ? In her essay quot;Flight,quot; Doris Lessing illustrates the story of an old man who is learning to let go his granddaughter as she growsRead MoreEssay and Academic Life1117 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslanguage learner? Discuss two or three problems with specific examples and details. Ex. 9 Analyzing studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ essays. Use the assignment and the Student Essays to answer the following questions. Assignment: Computers have become an important part of educational process. Write convincing illustration to this statement. Use specific and convincing examples and details. Student Essay 1 Computer as a multipurpose universal instrument of education. In our days computers have become an importantRead More Community Essay843 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesan important effect on the shaping of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s character is key in both Pythia PeayÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, Ã¢â¬Å"Soul SearchingÃ¢â¬ and Winona LaDukeÃ¢â¬â¢s interview transcribed in essay form entitled, Ã¢â¬Å"Reclaiming Culture and the Land: Motherhood and the Politics of Sustaining CommunityÃ¢â¬ . The two authors present ideas, similar and different, of what it means to live in and be a part of community. Through examining these two essays, summarizing and synthesizing, we can gain a better understanding of what community is and
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Conclusion Since the 1980s, transnational actors have disseminated ideas of education privatization throughout Latin America. Although by similar means, these policy ideas arrived at different historical moments at Chile and Argentina. Privatization ideas made its way in Chile carried by the influential Chicago boys, during the critical juncture of the authoritarian regime. The market-based reform served the interests of the military regime, and faced very little resistance given the repression and dismantling of the teacher union, and the penetration of the economic logic in the Ministry of Education. Timing, carriers and weak opposition allowed a complete replacement of the domestic education policy. Later in democracy, state-oriented education bureaucrats were not able to reverse the policy change. Although they tried to build on the inherited model and use the state as a way to correct the failures of the education market, the inconsistency between their goals and their means ended up repro ducing and strengthening the privatized model. By contrast in Argentina, the economic perspective arrived timidly and late when the country was making its transition to democracy. The resistance of the teacher union and provincial governments towards fiscal decentralization, and the reluctance of the ministry of education to market-based reforms, refrained the government from proposing explicit privatization instruments such as vouchers. Instead, the government gradually changedShow MoreRelatedThe Policy Instruments And The International Monetary Fund1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgeneral consensus regarding economic development polices in Latin America (Williamson 1990). He outlined a framework and described ten policy instruments that policymakers agreed were necessary to aid developing countries. The ten reforms that he mentioned included: fiscal discipline, public expenditures focused on health, education, infrastructure, tax reform, liberalized interest rates, competitive exchange rates, free trade policies, privatization, liber alization of foreign investment, deregulation andRead MoreThe Origin Of Mexico Financial Crisis1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfinancial crisis In the 1980s, Mexico was undergoing a number of reforms and deregulations that would protect its economy. In 1982, the Mexican government liberalized trade and allowed the international flow of capital into the country so that Mexico can integrate with the developed countries. President Miguel de la Madrid (1982-1988) lifted import tariffs under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). He also facilitated reforms that welcomed direct foreign investment in the country and theRead MoreFree Market Capitalism in The United States1293 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescountries have achieved the expected outcome, in fact, most of them resulted in big failures. The growth rates of Latin America and Africa, which had been higher than other developing nations, dropped by over 60 percent after they embraced IMF-sponsored neo-liberalism in the 1980s . Especially in Latin America, neo-liberal policies were applied in the time. The result was that Latin Americas per capita GDP fell by an average 0 .5 percent a year for 10 years. Meanwhile, the growth rate of countriesRead MoreNeoliberalism in Latin America Essay2315 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesNeoliberalism in Latin America From the 1930s until the 1980s state intervention and protection were key components of most Latin American economies. In these years many Latin American countries were used an Import-substitution industrialization based economy trying to reduce dependence on foreign imports and replacing them with domestic production. Due to the use of an Import-substitution industrialization based economy Latin American countries were forced to keep high tariffs to protectRead MoreGlobalization in Argentina Essay1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand now once again the country is trying to recover and crawl out of a recession. Globalization has affected the country socially, economically, and it has created a different culture in which argentines live. The globalization of Argentina began during the military dictatorship of General Jorge Videla from 1976-1983. This dictatorship followed the death of President Juan Peron in 1974. Peron had many protectionist policies in place which were replaced by VidelaÃ¢â¬â¢s trade liberalization strategiesRead MoreThe Collapse Of The Soviet Union1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe collapse of the Soviet Union and other socialist regimes in the early 1990s, marked a new era for the dominance of liberal democracy and capitalism. However, in Latin America there has been a resurgence of socialism into the 21st century. This resurgence has come to be known as the Pink Tide. It is associated with a moderate form of socialism that attempts to work with the current capitalist global economy and globalization. Although the degree of socialism differs from country to country, theRead MoreA Review On Disclosure Practices1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Review of Disclosure Practices of Latin American Companies Abstract This paper analyzes current practices in several Latin American countries in the areas of corporate disclosure and transparency by focusing on the extent to which information is disclosed to investors through public channels, such as websites. We find weak disclosure practices, which will continue to prove problematic for capital flows and the future development of these countries. Specifically, poor disclosure practices leadRead MoreEthics and Privatization of Public Systems Essay1736 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEthics problems of privatizing water supply services. Paper submitted for Ethics class, with good reseach on Chinese market. Privatization of public systems has been going on in both developed and developing countries for many years, maybe with more strength on developing countries in the last decade because of their higher reliance on public companies. The inefficiency of many public companies and its burden to the countries bearing them has been probably the reason most commonly used to justifyRead MoreInvesting Of Foreign Stock Markets1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessteadily increasing even with all these problems. Companies like FEMSA are great companies to invest in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s Mexican economy due to recent positive structural reforms made during the current presidential term, it being the world s 8th tourist destination, and its geographical location which forms a bridge between North America and Latin America. Investing in any foreign country comes with certain risks. There is the strength of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s currency to consider, the health of its economy, its opennessRead MoreThe Allende Governance A New Governance Essay1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe use of different reforms like privatization and deregulation. With low level of understanding in economics Pinochet hired economists who were tasked with freeing the economy from the previous destruction caused by socialists. According to De Haan by 1970 Chile recorded least freedom in its economy (De Haan et al 220). But later the economy started experiencing major growth from 1980s which increased economic growth from7.2 percent compared to other countries in South America. While the country